Destructive behaviour in adult dogs
Before attempting to resolve a behaviour problem, it is essential to understand the cause. Always eliminate the possibility of a medical problem by visiting your veterinary surgeon.
A variety of adult behaviour problems are associated with excessive chewing and other destructive behaviours:
Storm or noise phobic dogs may direct destructive behaviour towards walls and flooring in an effort to hide or escape
Many juvenile or adult dogs show destructive chewing and scratching only when left alone, often as a result of separation related distress
Dogs may chew and engage in other destructive activities as the result of inadequate impulse control associated with hyperactivity and excessive excitability
A common source of destructive behaviour in adult dogs is ineffective training and management of play and exploratory behaviour
Lack of physical or mental stimulation
Dogs exhibiting destructive behaviour habits usually benefit from providing structure and mental stimulation to help resolve conflicts and tensions.
Punishment is not effective in resolving destructive behaviour problems and may even make the problem worse. Never discipline your dog after the fact. If you discover your dog has chewed an item but don’t catch him in the act, it’s too late to for a correction. People often believe their dog makes a connection because he runs and hides or “looks guilty.” But dogs display submissive postures like cowering, running away, or hiding when they feel threatened by an angry tone of voice, body posture, or facial expression. Your dog doesn’t know what he’s done wrong; he only knows that you’re upset.
Destructive behaviour associated with fears, separation distress, hyperactivity, compulsions and aggression need to be addressed in the context of treatment activities aimed at reducing the underlying causes.