The two main goals of house training are to prevent elimination in the house while at the same time encouraging puppies to eliminate outdoors.
Prevention depends on confinement or careful supervision while the puppy is moving about the house. Keeping a record of house training activities provides a useful source concerning a puppy's progress.
Effective house training depends on a combination of constructive confinement, supervision, scheduled feeding and adequate opportunities to eliminate outside.
Most accidents can be prevented if puppies are kept under careful observation.
Various signs can be used to predict and prevent future accidents such as movement towards areas that have been soiled in the past, sniffing, circling and whining when confined in a crate.
There are various times when puppies are most likely to eliminate:
After any form of excitement
After eating or drinking and again 20 - 30 minutes after
After a significant length of time without eliminating
Puppies do best if taken outside on a consistent and frequent schedule. Taking him for a walk or playing with him directly after he has eliminated will help him to associate good things with elimination.
While the puppy is eliminating, use a word or phrase that you can eventually use before he eliminates to remind him of what he’s supposed to be doing.
Praise, praise and more praise every time the puppy eliminates outside. You can even give a treat. Remember to praise and treat immediately after finishing elimination so that he knows it is an appropriate behaviour.
If possible, put your puppy on a regular feeding schedule. Depending on their age, puppies usually need to be fed three or four times a day. Feeding your puppy at the same times each day will make it more likely that he’ll eliminate at consistent times as well.
If the puppy is caught in the act of eliminating it is important not to react angrily. The puppy should be rushed outdoors to finish it off in a cajoling and encouraging manner.
Remember - a puppy under 6 months of age cannot be expected to control his bladder for more than a few hours at a time.